Occasionally a family member or friend will ask me how I manage my finances and how they can get started down a path of financial control and peace. Getting control of your finances can be a daunting task. Finances are one of the biggest sources of stress and can cause deep rifts in relationships. The fact is, thereís no quick fix when it comes to managing your finances. It takes time and must be done step by step.
One of the first steps of sound financial management is tracking your spending. Once you track your spending and are able to see where the money goes, itís easier to attempt to control your spending. How can you control something when you have no idea what it is you need to control? The bottom line is, tracking your spending goes hand in hand with controlling it.
Tracking, but no control
However, despite the wonderful resources available to track your spending, it still seems to be out of control for most people. Money management programs such as Quicken and MS Money are great tools to help you track your spending. In fact, electronic methods of payment such as debit and credit cards are also great at helping you track your finances. Every transaction can be easily downloaded or viewed. But if these tools are so wonderful at tracking expenses, why are most peopleís finances out of control?
Despite the ease of tracking spending using credit cards, credit card debt is rampant. Americans carry, on average, $5,800 in credit card debt from month to month (www.cardweb.com). The Federal Reserve states that, on average, the typical credit card purchase is 112% higher than if using cash. It seems the convenience of using credit cards makes it a little too easy to spend money.
Control, but no tracking
On the other side of the fence are cash and check transactions. While spending with paper currency gives you a higher degree of control (especially cash), itís a pain to track. Nobody enjoys balancing their checkbook, compulsively saving receipts, or entering expenses into a spending notebook.
The secret to tracking and controlling your spending effortlessly
So whatís the solution that will allow you to track what you spend and maintain total control over your spending? The answer is CASH.
ďWhat? Cash? I thought you just told me that cash is a pain to track? Plus I LOVE the convenience of my credit card.Ē
Ok, before you blow me off, just hold on for one more minute. Iím not saying that ALL spending needs to be cash, just the categories that are out of control. As my wife and I worked out our financial plan we realized there was a very small set of categories that were out of control. These will vary from person to person but our hard-to-control categories were:
o Eat Out
This is by no means an exhaustive list. Figure out your own hard-to-control categories and youíll know which ones you should use cash for. Your other expenses will be dealt with separately and Iíll explain how you should manage them in another post. As a first step, we just want to get these categories under control.
So, here are the steps to tracking and controlling your spending effortlessly. And the great news is you can start it TODAY!
1) Identify which categories are problematic (you tend to overspend).
2) Commit to not buying ANYTHING in that category with a credit card.
3) Go to the bank and withdraw the amount you think you will or should spend on the category UNTIL THE END OF THE MONTH.
4) Put that money in an envelope and write down the date, how much you took out, and the category. To simplify things you can just write this information on the envelope, but feel free to record it in any trusted place.
Thatís it! Financial peace has just been achieved. Well, not quite. One of two things will happen. 1) You wonít spend all the cash and will have money left over at the end of the month or 2) you will spend all the cash before the end of the month and need more.
If the first scenario happens, great! Keep the money in the envelope and just add to it at the beginning of the next month. On the other hand, if you spend all the money and need more, donít stress! Just go withdraw the additional cash that you think you need for the rest of the month and record it on the envelope.
Either way at the end of the month you will now have an idea of how much is needed for that category and will be able to estimate next monthís amount more accurately. Donít worry about getting it exactly right for now. It will typically take doing this for about 3 months until you have a really accurate estimate.
Even then, these problematic categories are problems because they tend to fluctuate so much. If youíre tight financially, this is a great time to see if what you think youíre spending is in touch with reality. Itís also a perfect way to control your spending by deciding before hand how much you really think you should spend on that category. Just like they always taught me in Sunday School, itís important to decide ahead of time how youíre going to respond in tough situations. Similarly, you should decide how much you want to spend BEFORE youíre standing the grocery aisle trying to justify purchasing that extra bag of cookies.
Now, if you already track your spending electronically (e.g. in Quicken or online) you should be able to make very accurate estimates from the get go. If thatís the case, great! Your just one step ahead and this process will be a little easier. Even so, you may have trouble tracking some spending such as single transactions that cover multiple categories. Wal-Mart is one of the biggest offenders. I canít tell you how many times, in the name of tracking every penny, we agonized over a Wal-Mart receipt trying to determine which portion was grocery, household, medical, etc.
Goals of the process
While going through this process there are a few goals you should work towards.
1) Figure out how much you really spend.
2) Make your spending habits more conscious.
3) Control your spending.
Figure out how much you spend (get in touch with reality)
One of the huge benefits of going through this process is that over a few months you will get a very accurate idea of what you spend with very little effort. One thing many of you will have noticed is that you wonít have a perfect ďto the pennyĒ record of what you spend. Rather, you will just know the total amount you spent for the month. Enjoy this fact. Enjoy the freedom, the need to not have to calculate every single transaction. You just open the envelope and if thereís money you can spend it.
At the end of the month it will be very clear if you didnít budget enough; your envelope will be empty and you will feel like you just didnít have quite enough.
The analytical crowd may cringe at not tracking every cent but let me ask you, whatís the benefit of tracking every penny versus the total amount? There are very few situations in which it really matters. These days, most of the expenses will be at Wal-mart anyway. The goal is really just to get an overall amount that you tend to spend. By not tracking every penny we will still have an accurate budget but it will be accurate on a summary level rather than a detailed level. As we address your non-cash expenses youíll see that you WILL know how much you spend every month to the penny but you wonít necessarily have a record of WHERE you spend your cash expenses.
Now I can still see the analytical people out there still cringing. If you REALLY want to track every single purchase, go ahead. If you really have no idea where youíre spending your money, it would be very useful to see where itís going. If you currently use credit cards you can just look at your statement. Otherwise, feel free to keep receipts and enter them into a notebook or Quicken. In fact, my wife and I had used Quicken faithfully for years so we already knew where we spent our money. Most people have a pretty good sense where the money goes. They just need a way to control the outflow.
Make your spending habits more conscious
Really the goal for now really isnít to reduce your spending, although for most people that will be a natural result. Instead, you just need to make your spending more conscious. Donít just pull out plastic and not worry whether or not you have the money.
One great thing about cash is that itís very tangible. Most people have a visceral reaction to spending cold hard cash. It can be hard to see those Georges sniff, Hamiltons (baby) sniff-sniff, and Franklins triple-sniff fly out the window. Plus itís a very visual medium. An empty envelope definitely sends a signal that credit cards simply canít duplicate. I canít tell you how many times I told myself Iíd pay with a credit card and just worry about where the money would come from later (I only did this in a previous life, of course).
Control your spending
Notice that I said ďcontrolĒ your spending, not ďreduceĒ your spending. The main point right now is to simply control what you spend. Decide ahead of time how much you are going to take out; how much you think is reasonable for that category. By making that conscious decision you have already increased your chances tremendously that you wonít overspend. If you run out, you will have to make a very conscious decision whether or not to withdraw more. True, itís not as convenient to withdraw more many than just using a credit card. And thatís exactly why you wonít spend the 112% more that I mentioned earlier.
Credit cards in their place
By promoting a cash-based spending system, Iím not saying credit cards are bad or evil. I used credit cards for years and paid off the balance each month. I still carry a credit card with me for emergencies and reimbursable business expenses. If fact, I actually work for a company that provides merchant accounts (the ability to accept credit cards) to small businesses.
However, the very statistics I use to promote credit card acceptance at work proved to be the reason I decided to stop using them for most purchases. At our company we constantly pitch that customers spend 2-3 times more when paying with a credit card versus cash or check. While this is a great way for a small business to grow their sales, itís also happens to be a great way for you to grow your expenses. Credit cards are like that kid telling your first grade son potty jokes; they just arenít a good influence on your personal finances.
What about debit cards?
Debit cards play an important role in managing your finances and will be discussed in later posts. Debit cards combine convenience with a more responsible approach to spending; the money has to be in your account or you canít spend it. They are great for expenses that donít vary much. In fact, we used to pay for gas with cash but after a while we realized that we didnít really reduce our spending by paying with cash and it was a LOT more inconvenient having to walk into the convenience store. The bottom line was that I didnít drive to work less because I was paying with cash so it made sense to use the debit card.
Give cash a “30 day trial”
So hereís the challenge. Try this today! Try it for a month. Youíll be surprised at the insights you gain. Sure itís a little more inconvenient but one of the ultimate benefits will be stress-free financial control and you probably wouldnít be reading this if that werenít attractive to you. I encourage you to take a look at Steve Pavlinaís article on the 30 day trial concept. It would be a great approach to get your finances kick started.
Please post your comments and experiences as you try this out. If you happen to already use cash, let us know how you manage it physically (via envelopes or some other way).
Posted in Budget, Budgeting, Budgets, Cash, Credit Cards, Debit Cards, Finance, Finances, Money, Personal Finance, Spending |